Frozen Fine Foliage


Usually when I need writing inspiration I just look out of the window. At this time of year I anticipate the vivid colors of maples and witch hazels, the rosy tints on variegated weigela and  Japanese forest grasses together with big fat buds on evergreen hellebores that promise not only great foliage all winter but also flowers.

Sadly 2014 is not the year of the fall extravaganza. Blackened hydrangea leaves hang like limp seaweed from the branches,  maple leaves are frozen to a crisp well before their colorful peak, dropping to the ground with the slightest breeze. The same goes for the viburnums, smoke bushes and more.

And so I sought inspiration in my photo library rather than my garden where I discovered these images taken at the Denver Botanic Garden in January 2011. It was bitterly cold yet the gardens were beautiful thanks to the finely textured foliage of grasses. It occurred to me that there was a lesson to be learned.

Creating an understory


What do your garden layers look like in winter? Typically we will still have the tall trees – evergreen or deciduous, often with some shrubs in front, again either evergreen or just the skeletal branches. But with the perennials dormant the sense of movement and life may have gone out of the garden.

In the photo above notice how the  grasses bridge the visual gap between the tall birch tree and the ground plane. The grasses add color, height, a focal point and fine texture. Even though the grasses are frozen they are a critical design element in this winter border and they give a sense of movement by virtue of the feathery plumes and the wonderful rustling sound as the winter winds pass through.

Plan ahead for winter

IMG_1698When the nurseries start filling up with our spring and summer favorites it is tempting to fill every nook and cranny of our gardens with foliage and flowers that celebrate those warmer seasons. The winter garden shouldn’t  just be the leftovers, however, but rather a deliberate setting and plant pallet.

In the photograph above there are several different types of grasses all massed together for impact. Adding just a single grass here and there would not be nearly so effective. Choosing just two or three areas of your garden to create a winter scene like this can add significantly to the sense of a garden which is still alive rather than fast asleep. Be sure to design these winter vignettes where they can be enjoyed from inside too.

Framing with frozen foliage

IMG_1697This elegant statue is clearly an important focal point in the garden even in winter as the frozen grasses frame the imposing sculpture. The dried tan blades also contrast with the grey granite as though throwing a spotlight onto the scene.

A wintery walk

IMG_1708So look again at your garden this winter. Does it entice you outside like this grass lined pathway does? Notice how the destination is obscured by the frozen grasses, luring you away from the cozy log fire for a few moments.

Or does your garden feel old, tired and stodgy? Conifers and broadleaf evergreens are of course invaluable in the winter garden but don’t forget the finer textures. Even when frozen  grasses bring movement, sound and life.

Plant list

Here are a few grasses to consider. Be sure to check if they are hardy in your area and if they are considered invasive or not

Evergreen grasses

Mexican feather grass (Nasella tenuissima  syn. Stipa tenuissima)

Many finely textured sedges e.g Red Rooster, Frosty Curls, Toffee Twist (Carex species)

Blue oat grass (Helictotrichon sempervirens)

Grasses that are not evergreen but last well into winter

Feather reed grasses e.g. Karl Foerster (Calamagrostis species)

Maidenhair grasses e.g. Variegated  (Miscanthus species)

Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

Switch grass (Panicum virgatum) e.g. Northwind, Heavy Metal

Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans)

Blue grama grass (Bouteloua gracilis)


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3 thoughts on “Frozen Fine Foliage

  1. Louise Talley

    Are you not writing these articles anymore? I have lost many e-mails but know that I have not had them in some time. I always LOVED the images and the articles. PLUS, I have both of your books….

    Louise Talley

    Gig Harbor, gardener

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